How Physiotherapy Facilitates Stress Fracture Healing

Physiotherapy is crucial in managing and rehabilitating stress fractures, complementing rest and immobilisation during the healing phase. Here’s how it aids in stress fracture management:

  1. Assessment: Physiotherapists evaluate the severity of the fracture, identify contributing factors like biomechanical issues, and devise personalized treatment plans.
  2. Pain Management: Techniques like manual therapy and modalities such as ice or heat therapy alleviate pain and inflammation.
  3. Biomechanical Assessment: Analysis of walking or running patterns helps correct abnormalities, reducing the risk of future injuries.
  4. Strength and Conditioning: Gradual reintroduction of weight-bearing activities and strengthening exercises enhances muscle strength and bone density around the affected area, preventing re-injury.
  5. Shockwave Therapy: Emerging evidence supports its use in improving bone remodeling, often in conjunction with other treatments.
  6. Flexibility: Prescribed stretching exercises maintain or improve flexibility in surrounding muscles and joints, reducing stress on the healing bone.
  7. Functional Rehabilitation: Exercises help individuals regain daily task abilities and safely return to sports or activities.
  8. Education: Physiotherapists offer guidance on body mechanics, training techniques, and gradual return-to-activity protocols to prevent future fractures.

Collaboration with a physiotherapist is vital for a safe and effective rehabilitation journey. Adherence to prescribed exercises and gradual return-to-activity plans minimises recurrence risk and maximises outcomes.

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