Allergic Rhinitis

Allergic rhinitis, commonly known as hayfever or seasonal allergy, is caused by the nose and eyes coming into contact with allergens. Allergens include things such as dust, mites, mould, animal hair or pollen. The allergic reaction causes the inside of the nose to become irritated, swollen and inflamed and also affects the back of the mouth and throat. There are immediate symptoms of allergic rhinitis and symptoms that may develop later.

Immediate symptoms of allergic rhinitis are:

  • Itchy, runny or blocked nose
  • Sneezing
  • Itchy or watery eyes
  • Problems with smell

Symptoms that may develop later:

  • Congested nose
  • Snoring
  • Coughing
  • Blocked ears and decreased sense of smell
  • Sore throat
  • Dark circles and puffiness under the eyes
  • Facial pain or pressure
  • Fatigue
  • Headache
  • Poor sleep

Symptoms of allergic rhinitis can range from moderate to severe and will often persist if not treated properly. The best treatment is to avoid or limit your exposure to allergens that trigger your symptoms. It may not be possible to avoid allergens altogether, so you may require one of the following treatment options:

  • Medications (antihistamines)
  • Intranasal corticosteroid nasal sprays
  • Decongestants
  • Allergy shots (immunotherapy)
  • Sublingual immunotherapy treatment (medicine you put under your tongue)

Allergic rhinitis is a manageable condition and usually responds well to treatment. If you think you may be suffering from allergic rhinitis then book an appointment with one of our GP’s for an assessment to discuss your symptoms, suitable tests and treatment options.

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