How to Fight the Flu this Winter

Flu (or infl uenza) is caused by viruses, not bacteria, so antibiotics won’t help, as antibiotics do not kill bacteria. Most people who have the fl u and who are generally healthy and well, will get better without any treatment because the body’s immune system will take care of the infection on its own.

 


What can I do to relieve my symptoms?

  • Rest
  • Keep hydrated: drink plenty of water
  • Keep warm
  • Avoid exposure to cigarette smoke
  • Inhale steam to help and relieve a blocked nose
  • Soothe a sore throat by:
    • Gargling with warm salty water
    • Sucking on an ice cube or a throat lozenger
    • Drinking hot water with honey and lemon.

Medicines for relieving the symptoms of Flu

There are medicines you can take to help manage the symptoms of flu.

These include:

  • Paracetamol for relieving pain and fever
  • Decongestants and saline nasal sprays or drops for relieving a blocked nose.

How can you prevent the Flu from occurring?

  • Get vaccinated – it’s not too late to vaccinate, arrange a time with one of our Doctors, particularly for the medically frail or if you work in an environment with constant exposure to the public
  • Good hygiene: wash your hands regularly
  • Eat a healthy and balanced diet
  • Exercise
  • Wipe household surfaces so they are clean and dry
  • Avoid close contact with people who seem to be infected.